Podophobia: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments


The podofobia is the irrational fear of feet, including feelings of disgust, rejection and repulsion. The podófobos can feel rejection so much by the feet other people’s as of their own and as much by the neglected ones or with injuries, fungi, etc., as by the esthetic and well-taken care of. While for many the feet are erogenous […]

Gerascophobia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments


The gerascophobia is irrational and excessive fear of growing old. It constitutes an anxiety disorder, reason why the fear experienced in this alteration is pathological. All people can present a certain fear towards aging. However, this does not have to imply the presence of a psychopathological alteration or the development of gerascophobia. Gerascophobia Gerascophobia is a type […]

Enochlophobia or Demofobia (Phobia of the Crowds): Symptoms, Causes


The enochlophobia or demophobia  is an anxiety disorder characterized by the experimentation of an irrational, excessive and uncontrollable fear towards the crowds. Who suffers this alteration fears unjustifiably crowded spaces of people. This fear provokes an anxiety response automatically, which causes a high level of discomfort for the person. The anxiety experienced in the enochlophobia is so high that it […]

Long Words Phobia (Hipopotomonstrosesquipedaliofobia)

Long Words Phobia

The  fear of long words or hipopotomonstrosesquipedaliofobia is characterized by intense fear and irrational fear of the possibility of having to pronounce long words in a speech or conversation. This fear appears both if the situation is real and if the subject imagines it and anticipates it even if it never happens. Usually the abbreviated term sesquipedaliofobia is […]

Eremophobia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments


The eremophobia is the excessive and irrational fear towards the solitude. Like any other expression of fear, the fear of loneliness is an emotion that all people can experience. Human beings are genetically programmed to relate to others, so when this does not happen we can experience certain feelings of unrest. The rejection towards loneliness varies according to […]

Colpocephaly: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments


The colpocephaly is a congenital brain abnormality that affects the structure of the ventricular system (Esenwa & Leaf, 2013). At the anatomical level, the brain presents a significant dilation of the occipital horns of the lateral ventricles (Pérez-Castrillón et al., 2001). It is possible to observe how the posterior portion of the lateral ventricles is larger than expected […]

Amotivational Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Amotivational Syndrome

The amotivational syndrome is characterized by symptoms such as dysphoria, decreased attention, intense anhedonia, memory alterations and  little desire to compete, work or perform any activity. Put another way: it is a state in which passivity, lack of motivation, conformism, isolation and total inactivity are experienced. The person suffering from this syndrome never wants to do anything. That is, […]

Atelophobia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Atelophobia symptoms

The Atelophobia is a type of specific phobia peculiar in which the person fears imperfection and, above all, be imperfect. Unlike other phobias in which the feared element tend to be more specific objects or situations, in this case the element feared lies in the subjective interpretations of imperfection. Considering the characteristics of the feared element, atelophobia […]

Scotophobia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments


The Scotophobia is irrational and extreme fear of the dark. It involves avoiding situations and places where there is darkness, and experiencing anxiety just by thinking about them. Dark spaces or without light constitute situations that in themselves can create a certain level of alertness or activation in the person. This fact can be contextualized from the own […]

Potomania: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments


The potomania is  an impulsive desire to drink water all the time and can have very serious consequences. People who suffer from it usually drink between six and ten or  fifteen liters of water per day. Potomania could also be defined as a disorder in impulse control, characterized by excessive water intake. It occurs frequently  in patients with schizophrenia or other chronic psychiatric illnesses. […]

Apeirophobia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments


The apeirofobia is excessive and irrational fear to infinity. It includes the avoidance of situations in which there is a stimulus related to infinity, anxiety responses and anxious anticipation. When we speak of apeirophobia, it is opportune to start by emphasizing that this psychological alteration corresponds to a specific group of anxiety disorders, that is, to a specific […]

Philemaphobia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

The Philemaphobia is the irrational and excessive fear to the kisses. N or all fears to kiss itself imply the presence of Philemaphobia, because fear is experienced in this anxiety disorder must have certain characteristics. Firstly, it should be noted that to speak of Philemaphobia one must experience high levels of anxiety and feelings of fear when exposed […]

Bibliophobia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment


The Bibliophobia is the response exaggerated and irrational fear of books or reading specific texts. This kind of phobia is caused by negative experiences with books, or reading, which can be generated by lack of understanding of the text, neurological disorders developed in early childhood, mockery or some type of physical and psychological abuse for […]

Amaxophobia: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments


The amaxophobia or fear of driving is one of the most growing phobias in our society during the last years. I think anyone would agree to conclude that, like many other phobias, the fear of driving can become very disabling for the person who suffers. However, this psychological problem can be overcome through proper treatment and a good dose of personal […]

Psychotic Depression: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Psychotic Depression:

The Psychotic depression is a major depressive disorder accompanied by delusional (delusions) and sensory perception disturbances (hallucinations). Delusions usually revolve around the depressed state of the patient, since this, apart from delusional ideas, presents all the typical symptoms of depression. Psychotic Depression Hallucinations on their part are usually less frequent than delusions, but may occur […]

What is Depersonalization Disorder?

Depersonalization Disorder

The depersonalization disorder is characterized by the experimentation of serious feelings of unreality that dominate the life of the person and that prevent normal functioning in life. Depersonalization and derealization sensations may be part of a variety of disorders – such as acute stress disorder – although when they are the main problem, the person […]

What is Vocational Guidance?

What is Vocational Guidance

The vocational guidance is an area of both science education as behavioral, ie psychology, it is concerned because the decision is a fundamental pillar in the development of the individual and their learning, throughout life. What is Vocational Guidance Therefore, in this article, we intend to publicize the importance of vocational guidance as a tool for decision making, the […]

Optic Neuromyelitis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Optic Neuromyelitis

The NMO (NMO), also known as Devic disease is a pathology of autoimmune,  inflammatory demyelinating which mainly affects the spinal and optical nerve terminals (Chiquete et al., 2010). At the clinical level, this disorder is characterized by the presentation of alterations related to optic neuritis and spinal myelitis, so  the signs and symptoms can range from a large neurological […]

Riley-Day Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Riley-Day Syndrome

The syndrome Riley-Day , also known as familial dysautonomia, is a sensory autonomic neuropathy source  hereditary producing widespread nerve involvement resulting in an autonomic and sensory dysfunction (Axelrod, Rolnitzky, Gold von Simson,  Berlin and Kaufmann, 2012) . In addition to this denomination, this type of disease can be known as family dysautonomia, hereditary autonomous sensory neuropathy type  III (NSAH III) […]

Diseases of the Spine

Diseases of the Spine

In this article I will describe the main diseases of the spine so you can identify them and prevent them from happening again. Back pain is very common, I do not know anyone who has not suffered at least once in their life. They are usually caused by a contracture caused by poor posture. Diseases of the Spine […]

Factitious Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis

Factitious Disorder

The factitious disorder is one that experienced by people who have physical or psychological symptoms that are feigned or intentionally produced in order by the subject of assuming the sick role. Factitious disorders have been classified differently in the diagnostic manuals of mental illness. In the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), the factitious disorder appears to belong to the […]

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