In this article I will mainly address what is stress and symptoms of Stress first I would like to make clear other aspects.
When do we feel stress?
When we feel “angry”, “nervous”, “angry”, “overwhelmed” or “tense.”
Is negative stress always?
No. It has its positive side and its negative side:
- Eustris: provides the energy and answers necessary to handle the demands of a situation.
- Distress: causes negative results when the activation responses of the organism are prolonged.
What is stress
Because we perceive that there is an imbalance between the external demands and the answers that we can carry out to face them. For example if you have a project to do in a certain time and you think you do not have the resources to do so.
How does stress work in the brain?
- When we perceive that a situation is stressful (there is an imbalance between the demands and our resources to face them), the stress hormones are released into the bloodstream causing:
- As the heart rate increases, blood is withdrawn from the cerebral areas responsible for higher (cognitive) functions and less urgent physical functions (sex, digestion) to target the arms and legs.
- The hormone released is cortisol, whose function is the survival and withdrawal of energy resources of memory and intellect. Therefore, when cortisol is released too much, deficiencies appear in the intellectual functioning.Every stressful situation causes the release of more cortisol in the brain.
What situations can cause stress?
- Artificial: wars, cultural events (marriage), pollution…
- Nature: excessive luminosity, heat, earthquakes…
- Daily events: work, discussions…
- Vital events: deaths, dismissals, separations…
- Surges of chronic tension: insomnia, constant discussions of partners, recurrent diseases…
- Other psychosocial and environmental problems: living alone, discrimination, academic problems, school abuse, conflicts with neighbors, poverty, arrests, imprisonment…
How do we deal with stress?
Before stressful situations, people make efforts to manage, reduce or eliminate the demands that threaten to exceed their resources. These efforts are called coping strategies.
They can be classified according to:
- Orientation: toward emotion or toward the problem.
- Strategy: confronting or avoiding the situation.
- Sharing: behavioral (acting to solve the problem) or cognitive (change the thoughts).
From this classification, eight types of coping strategies can emerge:
1-Emotion-oriented, avoidant and behavioral: orienting attention to something other than the problem.
2-Emotion-oriented, avoidant and cognitive: distance mentally from the problem.
3-Emotion-oriented, active and behavioral: seek advice, information.
4-Emotion-oriented, active and cognitive: self-control, efforts to regulate emotions and feelings.
5-Problem-oriented, avoidant and behavioral: withdrawing from the problem.
6-Problem-oriented, avoidant and cognitive: minimize the importance of the problem.
7-Problem oriented, active and behavioral: try to negotiate to resolve a conflict, manually solve a problem, and do something to solve it.
8-Problem-oriented, active and cognitive: restructure thinking to see a situation in a more positive and resolvable.
Do you know about how to deal with Job Stress ?
Symptoms of stress
Physiological: dizziness, tension, pain, tightness in the chest, agitated or choked breathing, motor restlessness, sweating, cramps or tingling, stomach discomfort, heart beats faster…
Cognitive: inability to make decisions, sensitivity to criticism, inability to concentrate…
Behavioral: insomnia, overeating, addictions…
Subjective: depression, anxiety, sadness, anger, apathy, guilt, fear, frustration…
Labor: Absenteeism, low productivity, higher accident rate, low satisfaction…
Health effects: dermatological (ezcema, acne, psoriasis), endocrine (diabetes), gastrointestinal (ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, crohn’s syndrome), respiratory (asthma, allergies, hyperventilation), muscular (lumbalgias, contractures), cardiovascular (Arrhythmias, headaches, hypertension, tachycardias).