The activities for children with ADHD that I will describe in this article will allow you to reassure them, assist them in concentrating, and improve their overall well-being, all of which will have an impact on their personal and academic lives.
The diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has been fraught with the dispute.
Many have questioned its existence, while others say that it has become more common in recent years.
ADHD-Friendly Activities for Kids
It is one of the most common pathologies in the children’s sector, along with childhood allergies, which presents future research challenges for this disorder.
When working with children that have ADHD, what processes should we consider?
Executive function deficiencies are common in ADHD, which is something we should keep in mind while planning activities for them.
Inhibition, for example, is one of the challenges. As a result, the person with ADHD is unable to stop acting when he should, interrupt his actions, or protect his thoughts.
People with ADHD have no internal sense of time, live in the moment, and are unable to plan about and prepare for the future using their prior experiences.
They also have problems with working memory (operational memory), which is the ability to hold information in our heads until we need it.
People with ADHD, on the other hand, are unable to speak to themselves or utilise language as a guide when it comes to internal language.
As a result of their failure to follow directions and regulations in order to accomplish what they are told, they will struggle to comprehend what they hear, read, and see.
People with this skill can predict response probabilities, anticipating the ramifications of each of the available factors before deciding on one.
When it comes to emotions, children with ADHD express their feelings and desires more than other people, therefore feelings like anger, irritation, and hostility must be managed and channeled in order for their social relationships to be healthy.
This helps to explain why some children with ADHD develop Defiant Oppositional Disorder.
Another important aspect of understanding this condition is motivation; persons who suffer from it are unable to motivate themselves, resulting in a lack of persistence in achieving the goal, manifested as a motivation deficiency.
The ability to mentally play with oneself is utilized to plan and solve difficulties.
The ability of children with ADHD to solve issues has been harmed. They are not particularly eloquent in their language and behaviours, and if we ask them what they read a few days ago, we will receive disjointed, disorganized, or unfounded responses.
A stronger capacity for emotional self-control, organisation, and behaviour planning, which considerably minimizes the chances of acting impulsively and, as a result, committing mistakes.
Executive abilities provide a broader perspective on the issue.
Excessive talking, for example, is explained.
21 activities to work with children with ADHD
Playing Memory is a useful activity for working on children’s lack of attention.
It may be modified to the child’s demands and in various degrees of difficulty depending on the child’s age.
It’s all about making pairings of cards (with photographs, drawings, numbers …).
There must be two cards of equal value.
You may manufacture them yourself, customising them to the tastes of the youngster to make them more appealing to you.
After you have a large number of pairs of cards, shuffle them and set them on the table.
The game is played with all of the cards stacked face down with the youngster taking turns lifting one and looking at the picture (for example, a vehicle) and then raising another (which can be, for example, a balloon).
We teach the attention deficit by having the kid pay attention to the positioning of the cards and look at the drawings on each card.
When he is able to lift two cards with the same drawing during his turn, he saves them and continues to play.
When all of the cards have been raised, the game is over.
And the winner is the individual who has preserved the most pairs of cards.
In addition to helping with impulsivity, Simon’s game helps children with ADHD pay attention, which is one of the most significant weaknesses they face.
It’s an electrical game in which colour quadrants light up in a random pattern and make their own music.
The youngster must wait until the gadget has finished running the sequence before introducing the sequence given in the right order.
This game helps youngster to improve their self-control and memory skills.
One of the game’s benefits is that it has multiple levels, with the pace of execution increasing as you go through the appropriate sequences.
There are other Tablet programs that allow you to operate in the same manner.
Here are a few examples: Neurogames: Fun and effective learning!
Jonathan Reed, a child neuropsychologist, designed them.
We can discover the “Impulse” among them.
“The Tower” is one of the games that helps with impulsivity.
It’s a physical and mental challenge in where players take turns removing blocks from a tower and stacking them on top until the structure collapses.
The formation of shifts is one of the advantages of this game, as is one of the advantages of board games.
Furthermore, the game compels the youngster to pause for a minute and prepare his next action by restraining his impulsivity.
The youngster must remove the component with care, using fine motor skills and eye-hand coordination.
Relaxation techniques can be used to help youngsters with ADHD become less hyperactive.
For children, the most suited can be those of Koeppen, which is a child-friendly modification of the famous Jacobson’s Relaxation Technique.
Children, in general, want to be active and play, but they also require moments of relaxation and calm, and there are more children with hyperactivity symptoms.
The Koeppen relaxation technique is based on tension and distention, therefore focusing on different regions of the body (arms, hands, face, nose, etc.) causes children to recognize tension and then relax it, allowing them to distinguish between the two.
The Mikado is an old and enjoyable game that can help children with ADHD improve their fine motor skills and impulsivity.
A set of very thin sticks with coloured bands in the corners make up this game.
To begin, all of the clubs are linked and set vertically on a surface, allowing them to fall.
At that point, and as a result, you begin to play.
The sticks will fall in a specific pattern, and they should be able to remove them without causing the other sticks to move.
When you’ve caught all of the clubs, you’ll see who has the most points.
Children benefit greatly from mindfulness since it allows them to improve their attention and reduce hyperactivity.
Mindfulness is based on awareness and full attention, which allows for the exercise of attention as well as a sense of calm and well-being that counteracts hyperactivity.
The age-appropriate puzzles can also be a highly enjoyable exercise to work with youngsters with ADHD.
The puzzles allow students to concentrate on a task while also improving their attention and motor abilities.
Drive a straw
The straw game is entertaining and beneficial for improving attention and impulsivity. You’ll need continuous paper, a marker, some paper balls, and a straw for this.
We’ll do this by drawing a road with curves on continuous paper. We’ll lay the paper balls on the road and try to convince the youngster to take the ball along the road by blowing with the straw.
Search objects hidden in sheets with distractors
Looking for objects under sheets containing a lot of things is a fun exercise to do with kids.
Look for photos with detailed drawings (for example a city where there are many buildings, different shops, people on bicycles, animals …).
The more elements in a drawing, the more difficult the task and demand becomes.
It’s about encouraging the child to seek out certain characteristics, such as “how many buildings do you see in the photograph?” “How many cats do you see?” “Find the bakery,” “find the girls with long hair,” and so on.
This will assist the child in maintaining attention and focusing on a task.
Labyrinths are another simple, enjoyable, and beneficial practice for improving attention and planning.
To do so, he creates various labyrinths with instructions such as “pay attention and remember that you cannot crash the lines of the labyrinth’s edge,” “do it with calm and attention, start here and find the labyrinth’s exit,” and “do it with calm and attention, start here and find the labyrinth’s exit.”
The child should concentrate on the work at hand and devise a strategy for completing it in order to discover a way out.
Maps are a basic exercise that allows youngsters to work. It allows you to customise it to the child’s level of difficulty while also allowing you to learn and revise school ideas.
All you need is a map of your own Autonomous Community, a map of your country, a map of Europe, a map of the planet, or a map of the world in a ball.
To do so, ask the child in front of the map to find you a specific location, such as “find Malaga,” “find Paris,” and so on.
In this approach, the youngster is forced to focus on the work at hand in order to complete it.
Physical activity is an excellent activity for hyperactive children. Make physical activity and sports a priority.
Introduce the child to a sport that he enjoys and that allows him to socialize with other kids.
Allow him to engage in a lot of physical activity: take him to the park, take him on trips to the park, take him rollerblading…
Self-instructions: stop, think and act
The premises for working self-instructions are “Stop, think, and act.” It’s a cognitive method for dealing with impulsivity in children.
It’s about choosing an unacceptable action that occurs frequently, such as “getting up from the table while eating” or “leaving class while doing an activity.”
The self-instructions should be tailored to each child, taking into account what they require.
They should be spoken aloud and used to curb impulsive conduct.
Self-instructions are useful for this, so that when the youngster feels the want to stand up, he should think: “Take a step forward.
What am I supposed to do now?
I need to take a seat right now.
I’ll sit for a little longer if I can get it.”
It is hoped that by doing so, the impulsiveness of engaging in that action at that specific time will be delayed a bit longer.
Work with the Stroop effect
When it comes to dealing with impulsivity, the Stroop effect comes in handy. It’s a challenge in which the colour doesn’t match the word.
The word YELLOW, for example, is written in red, RED is written in blue, and GREEN is written in yellow.
It’s about the child saying the colour in which the word YELLOW is written, which is “red,” but he’ll be tempted to read the word, so he’ll have to inhibit and say it correctly.
The turtle technique
The turtle strategy can also be quite useful for dealing with impulsivity.
We must inform the youngster that at specific moments, we will transform into turtles and that we must learn how turtles act.
They may wander around with their heads and legs exposed, but when they feel threatened, they hide and only exhibit the shell.
We must inform them that they are free to act in this manner.
When he feels out of control, he can transform into a turtle and hide inside his shell.
You are encouraged to imagine positive thoughts, release anger or bad feelings, and relax.
We can print and laminate a variety of graphics with various coloured drawings to focus on attention.
Many images or figures will be printed in red, while others will be printed in blue, green, or yellow…
We’ll mix them all up when we go to work with the youngster and ask for a series of slogans.
“Give me only the cards with red items,” for example.
If the figures are geometric (we include large circles, small circles, large blue squares, small green squares …).
We may create any combination we want and ask the youngster to come up with certain slogans.
“Give me only the small triangles,” for example, or “give me only the huge blue circles.”
Obviously, this task will be tailored to the child’s skill level.
Many strategic games allow the child to practise focusing and paying attention.
In this respect, you can play dominoes, tic-tac-toe, chess, or sink the fleet, for example.
Many strategy games allow the child to work attention and concentration. In this sense, for example, you can use the domino, the tic-tac-toe, the chess, or sink the fleet.
Find the differences
The games that require you to notice distinctions are also excellent for working on your attention. To do so, we show the child drawings that are quite similar yet have minor differences, and we invite you to spot the differences.
Variations are possible in this regard.
For example, we create a starting picture (a star) and then create 8 different stars next it, one or several of which may be identical and the others differing somewhat.
We ask the youngster to identify which stars are identical and which are not.
This activity can be done with a wide range of things.
You can also set a series of numbers, such as “3 4 5 6” and then put “3 4 5 6” or “3 5 4 6” or “4 7 4 6” and ask the youngster to pick the ones that are the same.
These activities require the child to pay close attention to something and then respond to the questions we have posed.
Tell us stories, descriptions, made-up stories, jokes, riddles, or anything else that comes to mind, and we’ll ask you questions to focus your attention.
We can also ask you to describe your surroundings or different illustrations, such as where everything is located, the colors, the area in which they are…
Tasks to complete
There are numerous chores to accomplish that will help you to concentrate your efforts. We can show an image without a component that has the responsibility of describing, indicating, or drawing what it is.
You can also show a model as well as a sequence of incomplete iterations of the drawing.
Your job is to observe, report, and then finalize the pieces until they match the original drawing exactly.
Ordering bullets, for example, is a great activity because it requires the youngster to focus his attention and determine what happens in the story.
Here you have a video summary of the main activities:
What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiologically based disorder. It’s a condition marked by impulsivity, inattention, and activity levels that are out of step with the child’s developmental stage.
These youngsters struggle to regulate their behaviour when adjusting to standards, making it difficult for them to adapt to the various situations in which they grow (school, family, relationships …).
They are youngsters who perform below what is expected of them based on their talents and who have other behavioural and emotional issues.
ADHD should be viewed as a cognitive condition affecting executive functioning rather than a behavioural disorder.
As a result, people with ADHD have a self-regulation deficit, also known as an executive control deficit, which means they have trouble self-regulating their behaviour and arranging it from the present to the future.
Symptoms of ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorders are defined by the presence of three symptoms. These are:
– Attentional reduction
When we talk about lack of attention, we refer to different aspects such as:
– No attention to detail
– He forgets daily activities
– It is easily distracted by stimuli external to it
– Lose or forget things that are necessary
– Can not maintain attention in the activities that it enhances
– He does not listen when he is spoken and he has difficulties to follow conversations
– Do not follow instructions
– Forget conversations where you have to make a lot of mental effort sustained
Regarding hyperactivity, we refer to:
– It is uneasy
– He gets up from the seat when he should be sitting
– It goes from one place to another when it should be I want to
– Speech in excess
– Acts without stopping as if driven by an engine
– Has difficulty playing quietly
And regarding impulsivity:
– Has difficulty waiting for his turn
– Interrupts and annoys other children
– Answer the questions before they are finished.
Characteristics of children with ADHD
Academic performance is poorer than expected for their chronological age and intellect in the majority of youngsters diagnosed with ADHD. The signs of the disease can help to explain this.
Hyperactivity, impulsivity, and trouble paying attention are not excellent companions for a successful learning process.
Furthermore, ADHD is frequently linked to learning challenges or abnormalities, particularly in the areas of reading, storytelling, writing, arithmetic, and mathematics.
For example, it is estimated that half of all children with ADHD have difficulties learning to read, write, or do math, which has a severe impact on their academic performance and educational attainment.
With the passage of time, the number of persons diagnosed with ADHD has risen, which has sparked debate.
The age at which a person is diagnosed has also dropped.
Also Read: Dyscalculia: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
Long ago, the prevalence was around 6%, but recent evidence suggests that it is now between 10% and 20%.
ADHD is estimated to impact 3-7 percent of school-aged children, according to the Clinical Guide to ADHD.
It has been linked to the preponderance of males vs females, which has been overlooked and is now thought to be equivalent in both sexes, with females experiencing inattention and males experiencing hyperactivity.
It has also been thought to be restricted to the infant-juvenile period, which is incorrect because it is still in the adult stage.
Children with ADHD might show signs at a young age, although it is usually detected and treated between the ages of 7-9 years.