The behavior of a person addicted to cocaine is characterized by sudden mood swings, reduced motivation, high economic costs, deteriorated personal relationships and decreased physical and mental performance.
Cocaine is one of the most addictive psychoactive substances that exist today. The regular consumption of cocaine usually generates a high dependence on the substance and implies the appearance of a series of negative consequences for the consumer.
In this sense, beyond the direct effects generated by cocaine use , many recent studies have focused on examining the consequences of regular use of cocaine.
In order to determine in a more concrete way what effects the regular use of this substance causes, this article reviews the main characteristics that a person addicted to cocaine can present.
The characteristics discussed below attempt to describe as thoroughly as possible all the elements that are most prototypical of the addictive use of cocaine.
Main characteristics of a person addicted to cocaine
1- Sudden changes of mood
The consumption of cocaine usually generates immediately a wide range of satisfactory sensations such as euphoria, excitability, hyperactivity or vitality.
For this reason, it is common for people addicted to cocaine to experience frequent and intense changes in their mood.
These characteristics can become less noticeable at the beginning of the addiction, since in those moments the mood modification can be witnessed only at times when the direct effects of the drug are present at the brain level.
However, with regular and continuous consumption of cocaine, mood swings usually appear permanently in the individual. The addiction makes the mood of the person only acquires high levels after the use of cocaine, which is why the mood constantly changes.
2- Alterations of the activity
Another of the most typical effects of cocaine is the increase in activity. After the consumption of the substance, the person experiences high sensations of energy, fact that motivates a remarkable increase in their activity.
It is common that after consumption the individual is highly excited, restless, active and perform actions continuously.
However, the increase in activity that causes the use of cocaine is contrasted by the decrease experienced by the person when the effects of the drug disappear.
When the individual addicted to cocaine stops using the substance, it experiences a rebound effect. Both his energy level and his motivation and activity decreases markedly.
For this reason, it is usual for subjects addicted to cocaine to experience continuous changes in their level of activity. In fact, just as with his humor, activity depends on the drug’s consumption.
3- Gradual reduction of motivation
Although the direct effects of the drug generate a high increase in the individual’s mood, energy and motivation, the addiction to cocaine implies a gradual reduction of motivation.
This fact is explained through the brain mechanisms in which the substance acts. Cocaine is a drug that directly affects the brain’s reward systems, so the continued use of this drug directly affects motivation.
The person addicted to cocaine increasingly needs the consumption of the substance to function normally. Likewise, every time it requires more doses of cocaine to be well.
In this way, the motivation of the subject becomes regulated by the drug. The only element that is capable of generating satisfaction, gratification and motivation in the person addicted to this substance is the cocaine itself.
For this reason, subjects addicted to this drug usually show a marked reduction in their motivation, a fact that can significantly affect all their life areas.
4- Social isolation
Cocaine addiction increases as your consumption increases. In the same way that the consumption of the drug increases as the addiction to the substance increases.
Cocaine is a substance that is capable of generating very high levels of addiction, a fact that directly affects the overall functioning of the individual.
The person addicted to cocaine is increasingly absorbed by the drug, so his life begins to revolve around the substance.
The search, procurement and consumption of cocaine becomes the most important element of the addict, which is why its social functioning is increasingly damaged.
The subject addicted to cocaine will seek to perform only activities that are related to the consumption of the substance, a fact that usually leads to the loss of all friendships (except for those friends who are also consumers).
5- Physical alterations after consumption
Cocaine is a substance that is usually consumed snorted. Likewise, its use usually generates a series of direct and easily observable physical alterations.
In this way, certain physical signs make up one of the most notorious characteristics of people addicted to cocaine. The main ones are:
- Damage to the nasal passages and the septum.
- Excessive inspirations through the nose.
- Frequent nosebleeds.
- Excessive and unexplained sweating and / or increased body temperature.
- Nerves, tics or involuntary body movements.
- Pupillary dilation
6- High economic expenses
People addicted to cocaine require daily and constant consumption of the substance. This fact leads them to use high amounts of the drug on a regular basis.
Unlike other drugs, the price of obtaining cocaine is not particularly cheap, but rather the opposite. Consuming cocaine is a great economic expense, especially if high amounts are consumed.
For this reason, subjects addicted to cocaine usually present high economic expenses. Often, the economic investment in the drug is superior to what the person can afford.
However, the main need of an individual addicted to cocaine is to consume the drug, which is why he can get involved or owe high amounts of money in order to get cocaine.
The inexplicable expenses of money are one of the main characteristics of individuals addicted to cocaine. No person addicted to this substance is able to not spend large amounts of money.
7- Deterioration of personal relationships
The high economic costs of the addictive use of cocaine is usually one of the main factors that cause the personal problems of these individuals.
Likewise, the effects both short-term (excitement, euphoria, extravagant behavior, mood swings, etc.) and long-term effects (behavior modification, lifestyle, decrease in work performance, etc.) are elements that they usually directly affect the individual’s personal relationships.
Marital, family and social problems are highly frequent in subjects addicted to cocaine. The consumption of the drug directly affects the people closest to the individual.
8- Cardiovascular and respiratory disorders
The chronic consumption of cocaine usually leads to the appearance of physical conditions and pathologies in the individual. With the passage of time, the substance is wearing down the body of the person and increasingly appear physical alterations.
The most prevalent are cardiovascular and respiratory disorders, including irregularities in heart rate, heart attacks, chest pain and respiratory failure.
Likewise, other types of conditions can also appear, such as neurological effects (stroke, seizures and frequent headaches), gastrointestinal complications, nausea, fever, muscle spasms or cloudy vision.
Finally, in the case of subjects who use injected cocaine, they have a greater risk of contracting infectious diseases such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and viral hepatitis.
9- Time alteration
People addicted to cocaine usually suffer from a wide alteration of their normal functioning. The consumption of the drug is established as the main element of their day to day, a fact that causes a high modification of their daily activity.
Among the modifications of operation, the most notorious lies in the immense time that the individual devotes to the consumption of the substance. A large part of the day to day of an individual addicted to cocaine is used to obtain and consume the drug.
Likewise, the consumption of cocaine tends to cause a notable alteration in the hours. A single consumption of cocaine can change the perception and use of time completely.
It is usual for subjects addicted to cocaine to invest long night hours in the consumption of the drug, a fact that causes a wide time lag in the person.
10- Decreased performance
The final characteristic of people addicted to cocaine has to do with their performance. The consumption of the drug affects the normal performance of the person, and significantly reduces it.
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Perhaps, the area in which this characteristic is most evident is the labor field, since an individual addicted to cocaine presents enormous difficulties to perform adequately in his job.