Learning how to prevent drug use in young people is essential for parents and teachers; they will be able to avoid that they begin to try them and suffer the serious effects that these substances produce on a physical, mental and social level.
Drug Use in Young People
Drug addiction in young people is a very important issue for both parents and children. They must have the necessary tools to instruct and help them in all the circumstances of life and in those that are more complicated such as drug addiction.
What do we understand by drug addiction?
The term drug addiction is used to “describe a pattern of use of substances known as drugs. This pattern of continuous behavior leads to serious problems or worries, such as school absences, dangerous situations, car accidents … “(Cárdenas, (S / F).
Therefore, this drug addiction disorder usually refers to the excess consumption of substances that are illegal and legal (Cárdenas, (S / F).
What can we do to prevent its consumption from the family?
If we want to work from the family environment to prevent the intake of this type of substances, it is important to avoid certain behaviors such as:
1- Do not overprotect our children
We can not always try to protect our children from the challenges of life. We have to let him be wrong and he should take the consequences of his actions even if we do not like him.
2- Not having an authoritarian style
Nor should we use an extremely authoritarian style at home. That is, impose rules that are too strict and that are not understood. This will make the family environment is not positive and our son does not want to spend time with us.
3- Not being consistent
We have to maintain our behavior and behaviors as well as our ideas on a certain topic. If we change them continuously the child will not know exactly what he has to do.
4- Do not impose punishments that are not consistent
It is very important that we know at all times the consequence, if we talk about punishments about an action that our son has not done correctly. Imposing a punishment according to the action and firm is ideal.
5- Not fulfilling what is promised
As parents we have to do what we promise. If we have promised our son that if he got good grades we would buy him a motorcycle, we have to comply.
In the event that we do not, you can stop believing us and never work again to get something.
6- Discuss in front of the minor
We must avoid discussions about the child in front of this one. We all have to agree so that he feels we have the same criteria. In the event that we do not agree, it is important to talk when the child is not in front.
7- Not paying enough attention
The attention that must be paid to the life of the minor is important, not only of his studies but of other aspects in general. So, it is not a good idea to not worry about your affairs because you need to feel that someone cares about you.
8- Inadequate labeling
It is advisable to avoid the type labels “you do not serve for anything”, “you will never change”, etc., in the end they end up fulfilling since the minors internalize it and take it as their own.
On the contrary, there are behaviors that from the family should be encouraged and fulfilled to prevent the consumption of drugs, as well as to improve the family environment.
9- Having a positive attitude
The attitude with which we address our son, also influences their behavior as well as their self-esteem. It is important to have a positive and understanding attitude towards them, so he can perceive that he can achieve goals if he works for it.
10- Dialog frequently
We have to promote dialogue in order to gain the trust of the minor and thus be able to talk about the problems that he has. With this, we can teach them how to solve them properly and not with the use of drugs.
11- Use good standards
We must follow some rules at home, these should be logical and clear to the child. For this, we must explain correctly from home.
12- Speak consensually
The rules must be agreed upon by all the members of the family and must always be maintained no matter what happens. They must also be explained to the minor in detail (IREFREA, S / F).
What are the drugs that young people consume the most?
As we already know, young people consume all kinds of substances since there is a great variety and they can get them anywhere near their environment. Here we present briefly the most common:
- Alcohol . Although it is legal in most countries of the world, it is still another drug that can be consumed by all adolescents by having easier access.
- Marijuana . It is also a drug and can be considered as one of the most used by young people . Unlike the previous one, it is not legalized in most countries.
- Hallucinogens . Hallucinogens are understood as a type of drug that makes us perceive the things around us different from what they are in reality. Therefore, these affect our senses.
- Cocaine . The person who consumes this drug , feels more active and with more energy, so it can be considered as a stimulant of the human body.
- Opiates . They are another type of drugs more lethal than the previous ones due to their addictive power. They are within this group drugs such as heroin and opium.
- Anabolic steroids . Used mainly by athletes to increase their physical strength and muscle mass. At first, it may seem that its consumption has no effect on the human body. However, they are drugs and as such can harm their functioning.
What factors bring young people closer to drug use?
If we want to prevent drug use in adolescents, we have to know what factors make them have the opportunity to consume them. Here we expose them in the form of a list:
- Friendships that consume. One of the main factors that can make a young person consume drugs is that his circle of friends do it and also frequently. Sometimes, if we have educated our son well, he does not have to surrender to the pressure exerted on him by the group.
- Group pressure. Due to the above, you may feel pressured and in the end end up consuming to be accepted. This type of initiation is usually quite common in children, so it is important that we educate them so they can say no.
- Disinformation. Many young people are still uninformed about the risk that exists with the consumption of these substances. Some of them think that taking them once can not produce any risk or that their moderate or excessive consumption when young is not going to trigger problems like a heart attack.
- Positive expectations Many young people have mistaken expectations about the use of drugs, since there are myths that are expanding among minors about the magnificent ones and how good they make you feel when you eat them.
How to know if a teenager uses drugs?
As with other problems such as alcoholism, it is important that we take into account the possible indicators that can be given in order to detect whether the adolescent is using drugs. Given the age range in which they are, it is normal that some are given, so it should not be a sign of concern.
- Problems at school. In the school a series of factors can be given, the most striking are: that it begins to be absent without justification, that it does not pay attention to the professors or that it lowers its academic performance.
- Change of friendships If you change your friendships quickly and do not want your parents to know them, it can also be a sign that something is not going well.
- He is never home. Usually absent at times not very suitable for a child and usually never at home and sometimes does not mean where he has been or what he has done in that period of absence.
- Change of character He is more aggressive than usual and can not maintain a normalized conversation with him.
- Avoid talking about the subject. When you try to talk to him about the intake of drugs or its effects on the body and its characteristics, it tends not to pay attention and even to leave.
- There are missing valuables at home. Valuables begin to disappear at home, as this may be selling or exchanging to consume.
- Physical symptoms There may also be physical changes such as: clumsy speech, red eyes, dilated pupils, or on the contrary that is very activated and energetic.
- Friendships that consume. If we know that the child’s friends consume on a frequent basis, it is not surprising that he or she also does so. This may be a trigger but in some cases it may not happen (IREFREA, S / F).
As we have said before, these can be warning signs. Given the age range some signs can occur and not for that reason it is really a trigger that tells us that the child is consuming, so they must all be given in a generic way.
Some relevant data
The existence of drug use continues to be alarming throughout the world. According to the 2015 World Drug Report, it appears that 246 million people used drugs at some time during 2013. Of these, about 27 million are problematic consumers and half of them inject drugs.
In Spain, minors between 14 and 18 years old have already had contact with a drug. These are mostly with 80.6%, alcohol, with 33.1% smoking while 42% of adolescents prefer to consume cannabis (Vicario and Romero, 2005).
On the other hand, the habitual consumption of drugs are quite significant. In the case of alcohol, 64.0% of minors consume it habitually.
On the other hand, the percentage of young people who smoke is somewhat lower, 28.7%. The percentage of minors who use cannabis is 25% while the rest of substances is below 3.6% (Vicario and Romero, 2005).
Drug addiction or excessive consumption of substances is a problem worldwide. As parents it is important that we are informed and know how to identify the warning signs in our child.
From the family environment, we can work with the objective of preventing our son from consuming. For starters, we can impose some rules because, although it may not seem like it, we all need to have rules to stick to.
On the other hand, it is important that time is dedicated to the child as well as their interests. This can be a good option to show you that we can do many activities, not just consume.
If we know the friends of our son, we will be able to know with whom he leaves and the environments that he usually attends. This can be a good way to also know the tastes that your child has.
Finally, it is important that we express our feelings towards them. Our children also need us to tell them what we feel.